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Synthetic Aperture Sonar Track Registration With Motion Compensation for Coherent Change Detection

Vincent Myers 1 Isabelle Quidu 2 Benoit Zerr 2 Torstein Olsmo Sabo Roy Edgar Hansen
2 Lab-STICC_ENSTAB_CID_PRASYS
Lab-STICC - Laboratoire des sciences et techniques de l'information, de la communication et de la connaissance
Abstract : The capability to detect changes in an underwater scene has many applications, including environmental monitoring, surveillance of strategic maritime waterways, and naval mine countermeasures. This paper examines the automated detection of changes in repeat-pass synthetic aperture sonar (SAS) imagery by exploiting the loss of phase coherence caused by differences in the scene. A renavigation method based on track registration is developed for performing the coregistration of images. The method first determines the corrections to be applied to the repeat-pass navigation data by optimizing a linear track model using the estimated across-track pixel displacements. A second optimization is then performed using the along-track pixel displacements to determine a velocity correction for each ping location of the repeat-pass image to compensate for residual motion errors. The corrected navigation solution is then used to rebeamform the repeat-pass image onto the same focal points as the reference image. The method is demonstrated on a pair of repeat-pass SAS images acquired using the AquaPix INSAS2 sonar, where it is shown that it is not necessary to have access to raw element data to coregister images accurately enough for coherent change detection requirements. This technique is then applied to the second data set obtained using the HISAS 1030 sonar for the purpose of comparing both coherent and noncoherent (amplitude-only) approaches to change detection in scenes with low and high clutters. False alarms caused by the acoustic shadows of objects in high-clutter areas are mitigated using the single-pass interferometric coherence as a reference mask. The results show the successful use of the repeat-pass coherence to detect changes between SAS images with temporal baselines of several days on scenes consisting of mud, gravel, and sand, and demonstrate that a coherent approach is capable of detecting large-scale differences (caused by the introduction or removal of targets) ...
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https://hal-ensta-bretagne.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02149555
Contributeur : Marie Briec <>
Soumis le : jeudi 6 juin 2019 - 14:41:27
Dernière modification le : vendredi 28 août 2020 - 10:53:35

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Vincent Myers, Isabelle Quidu, Benoit Zerr, Torstein Olsmo Sabo, Roy Edgar Hansen. Synthetic Aperture Sonar Track Registration With Motion Compensation for Coherent Change Detection. IEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2020, 45 (3), pp.1045-1062. ⟨10.1109/JOE.2019.2909960⟩. ⟨hal-02149555⟩

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