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Fatigue behaviour of an industrial synthetic rubber

Abstract : For some automotive anti-vibration applications, for instance exhaust hangers, center bearing bushes or torsional vibration dampers, temperature constraints make the use of synthetic rubbers, such as EPDM, necessary because of their better heat aging resistance compared to natural rubber. The aim of this paper is to understand the features of the fatigue behaviour of an industrial EPDM compared to the well-known natural rubber. To do so, fatigue tests are conducted on hourglass-shaped specimens, and fracture surfaces are analysed using optical microscopy and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). It appears that every samples exhibit only one root cause of failure. Thus, two types of precursors are identified as responsible of the final fracture of samples: material's inclusions and mold flaws. Interrupted fatigue tests are then performed and fatigued samples are observed with SEM. The built procedure allows us to follow fatigue cracks initiation and propagation along cycles, and to propose local damage mechanisms for each type of precursors. A global damage scenario is finally considered and compared to the one of natural rubber described in the literature.
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Thomas Balutch, Bertrand Huneau, Yann Marco, Pierre Charrier, Clément Champy, et al.. Fatigue behaviour of an industrial synthetic rubber. MATEC Web of Conferences, EDP sciences, 2018, 165, ⟨10.1051/matecconf/201816522004⟩. ⟨hal-01834078⟩

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