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Using nonlinear time warping to estimate North Pacific right whale calling depths in the Bering Sea

Aaron Thode 1 Julien Bonnel 2, 3 Margaux Thieury 3 Aileen Fagan 4 Chris Verlinden 4 Dana Wright 5 Catherine Berchok 5 Jessica L. Crance 5
2 Lab-STICC_ENSTAB_CID_TOMS
Lab-STICC - Laboratoire des sciences et techniques de l'information, de la communication et de la connaissance
3 Pôle STIC_AP
ENSTA Bretagne - École Nationale Supérieure de Techniques Avancées Bretagne
5 MML - National Marine Mammal Laboratory
AFSC - Alaska Fisheries Science Center
Abstract : Calling depth distributions are estimated for two types of calls produced by critically endangered eastern North Pacific right whales (NPRWs) in the Bering Sea, using passive acoustic data collected with bottom-mounted hydrophone recorders. Nonlinear time resampling of 12 NPRW "upcalls" and 20 "gunshots" recorded in a critical NPRW habitat isolated individual normal mode arrivals from each call. The relative modal arrival times permitted range estimates between 1 and 40 km, while the relative modal amplitudes permitted call depth estimates, provided that environmental inversions were obtained from high signal-to-noise ratio calls. Gunshot sounds were generally only produced at a few meters depth, while upcall depths clustered between 10 and 25 m, consistent with previously published bioacoustic tagging results from North Atlantic right whales. A Wilcoxon rank sum test rejected the null hypothesis that the mean calling depths of the two call types were the same (p = 2.9 × 10-5); the null hypothesis was still rejected if the sample set was restricted to one call per acoustic encounter (p = 0.02). Propagation modeling demonstrates that deeper depths enhance acoustic propagation and that source depth estimates impact both NPRW upcall source level and detection range estimates.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01656384
Contributeur : Annick Billon-Coat <>
Soumis le : mardi 5 décembre 2017 - 15:51:18
Dernière modification le : mercredi 24 juin 2020 - 16:19:51

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Aaron Thode, Julien Bonnel, Margaux Thieury, Aileen Fagan, Chris Verlinden, et al.. Using nonlinear time warping to estimate North Pacific right whale calling depths in the Bering Sea. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, Acoustical Society of America, 2017, 141 (5), pp.3059-3069. ⟨10.1121/1.4982200⟩. ⟨hal-01656384⟩

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