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Development and validation of bubble dynamics models for Hydrodynamic Ram event in fuel tanks

Abstract : The context of the thesis consists of improving the knowledge and the predictions of hydrodynamic loads applied on fuel tanks during ballistic impacts (Hydrodynamic Ram) to improve the survivability of aircraft structures. The most advanced numerical models still cannot simulate the entire phenomenon. Moreover, these models are too expensive to be used for optimisation or for design purposes during the tank development stage. The proposed study consists of developing an analytical model capable of simulating the expansion and collapse of the cavitation bubble and to use it to determine the parameters that influence the consecutive hydrodynamic loads. The state of the art hydrodynamic ram problem is first presented. In the second chapter, the Rayleigh-Plesset model is modified to include the stiffness effect of a spherical container on the described bubble dynamics, when neglecting the presence of the bubble gas on the hydrodynamic loads. This model is applied to hydrodynamic ram test cases, by calibrating a confinement parameter which is related to the structure rigidity. The next step, presented in the third chapter evaluates the capacity of an elastic linear analytical model (plate formulae) to provide the value of the confinement parameter. A good agreement is found with the calibrated value in the previous chapter, which validates the method to get this parameter and suppress the need for experimental calibration. In the fourth chapter, the incompressible Rayleigh-Plesset model is compared to explicit finite element simulations to determine the influence of the liquid compressibility and structural inertia on the dynamics of confined bubbles. Then, in the fifth chapter an analytical model for confined bubbles in a compressible liquid is developed. A formulation based on the Keller-Miksis model is proposed. The relevance of this model is verified and it is validated again with respect to finite element simulations. Then the improvement of hydrodynamic loads predictions using this model is estimated by comparison with the Rayleigh-Plesset model. Finality a critical analysis of the thesis work and some outlooks are given.
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  • HAL Id : tel-01264361, version 2
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Thomas Fourest. Development and validation of bubble dynamics models for Hydrodynamic Ram event in fuel tanks. Materials. Université de Bretagne occidentale - Brest, 2015. English. ⟨NNT : 2015BRES0054⟩. ⟨tel-01264361v2⟩

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