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Effect of mechanical (monotonic and cyclic) stress on the corrosion resistance of chromium-plated steel rods

Abstract : Providing high hardness, low friction coefficient, as well as, relatively good corrosion resistance, chromium-plated coatings are widely used for steel cylinder rods in marine environment. Nevertheless, a uniform network of microcracks in chromium coating is evolving under mechanical loadings during the service-life of cylinder rods. The propagation of these microcracks is in the origin of the premature corrosion of the steel substrate. The aim of the study was to evaluate the relationship between mechanical stresses, the evolution of the microcracks network and the corrosion resistance of chromium coatings. After monotonic pre-loading tests, it was demonstrated by microscopic observations that the microcracks propagated for stress levels higher than the yield stress of the substrate (520 MPa) and have passed instantly through the whole thickness of the coating and reached the steel substrate. The density of microcracks increases with the level of total strain, the inter-crack distance go from 80 µm at 1% of total strain to approximately 65 µm at 5%. Electrochemical measurements have shown that the higher the level of plastic strain applied during the mechanical loading, the more the corrosion potential of the sample decreases until reaching that of the steel substrate of approximately -0.65 V/ECS after 2 hours of immersion. The polarization curves also evidenced an increase in the corrosion current density with the strain level. Moreover, we note the absence of the characteristic passive region of the reference samples that have not undergone any loading. After cyclic loadings, no microcracks propagation was observed after 104 cycles when maximal stress was lower than the yield stress. However, a decreasing of the corrosion potential was observed for samples which were submitted to a cyclic loading. Nevertheless, the current density and the characteristic passive region were not modified.
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Contributor : Marie Briec <>
Submitted on : Thursday, May 3, 2018 - 2:11:13 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, April 1, 2020 - 1:59:40 AM

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Matthieu Dhondt, Varvara Shubina, Rémi Homette, Shabnam Arbab Chirani, Sylvain Calloch. Effect of mechanical (monotonic and cyclic) stress on the corrosion resistance of chromium-plated steel rods. Procedia Engineering, Elsevier, 2018, 213, pp.598 - 605. ⟨10.1016/j.proeng.2018.02.055⟩. ⟨hal-01784392⟩



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